Customize Slax

Last Updated on March 9, Updated: There are plenty of Linux operating systems available in the market. Linux is all about the freedom to use, freedom to customize and more.

In this post, We will list out some of the important tools to create your own custom Linux operating system in It is one of the most important collections of tools and resources to create your own custom Linux. It is popular for its step by step instruction to build a custom Linux. Linux From Scratch. Ubuntu Imager. Linux Respin. Linux Live Kit is a set of shell scripts.

Extend Slax by modules

You can create your own Linux from an already installed Linux. Linux Live Kit. Live Magic.

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An online tool from Slax which let you create own flavor of Slax Linux with your own set of applications. Let us know if we forget to mention some important must-have tools to create custom Linux.

Join our mailing list to receive the freebiestutorials, latest news and updates from our team. Written by itsubuntu. Share this: Tweet. Happy Birthday Linus Torvalds. You may also like. View all posts.Unless you are using Presistent changes, everything you install is kept in memory only and is lost after you reboot.

The tools to add software to Slax as well as tools to make the changes permanent are described below.

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Slax fully supports apt command, which is a powerful command-line tool suitable for tasks such as installation of new software packages or upgrading of existing ones. For example, in order to install vlc video player, simply execute apt install vlc and you are all set up, Slax will download the requested package including all libraries and other dependencies which are necessary to run it.

Keep in mind that apt will automatically download its database of available packages when you run it for the first time. If your system is continuously running for several days, you may need to run apt update manually from time to time to ensure the database is up to date.

If you prefer to add software to Slax manually, you can do so by downloading and compiling source codes from the internet. Just remember that in order to be able to compile source codes in Slax, you will need to apt install build-essentialwhich provides gcc compiler, make, and other tools necessary for that task.

If you are downloading sources from github using git cloneyou may also need to apt install git. If you are running Slax from a writable media, your changes are stored permanenly and there is no need for any further steps. At any point, when you have your desired applications installed and configured, use savechanges command to save all modifications made to the current system into a module. The command requires one parameter, which is a path to file where the changes will be saved.

All modifications you made to the system will be stored, except of some predefined files and directories such as temporary files, caches, and so on. Once your changes are stored in a module, all you need is to include this module in your Slax and it will be automatically activated during boot.

Copy the. If you wish to examine the contents of your module or modify files in it, you can use two commands available in Slax: sb2dir to convert your module into a directory, and then dir2sb to convert it back into a.

Important thing to keep in mind is that a module converted into a directory is stored in memory technically the directory is overmounted with tmpfsso you may find it impossible to remove that directory with rmdir, even if empty you will get EBUSY error. Use rmsbdir command to remove the directory created by sb2dir. Note that these commands worked a bit differently in older Slax versions, so make sure you are using Slax 9.

If you have a Slax module.

Install SLAX to a USB Flash Drive using Windows

Similarly, you can deactivate any module with slax deactivate. However, if any of the files from your module are open or used, deactivation will not be possible, so make sure to kill all processes which may use the files from your module before you attempt to deactivate it.

Contact Slax discord Google group Facebook.The most important part is that you can't burn it as a regular file. That wouldn't work. Instead, you have to burn it as a disc image.

In Windows 7 for example, just right-click the ISO file and select Burn disc image from the context menu. On older windowses, you'll need some special software for the task, for example you can try Free ISO Burner. That magic key which shows you the boot menu is usually F11F9 or Escconsult your BIOS documentation or watch onscreen instructions when your computer reboots to make sure. In order to run Slax from hard drive or from an USB device, you need to copy the contents of the ISO file directly to your disk's root.

For example Windows 8. You may need some special software for this task if your operating system can't access the contents of the ISO file. Furthermore, it needs to be formatted, FAT32 or ext4 is recommended. Just run it by double clicking, it will make all the necessary changes to your device's master boot record so your computer's BIOS could actually understand how to boot Slax from your disk.

Keep in mind that the boot installer does not support multiboot, so only Slax will be bootable from the given drive. Next follow the same procedure like if you were booting from CD - reboot your computer and choose to boot from the USB drive or hard disk in your computer's boot menu.

Again, you may need to consult your BIOS documentation to find out how to boot an operating system on your computer from your desired device. Before Slax itself starts loading, you can see a big clover image in the middle of your screen.

customize slax

This is the boot logo. It is displayed for a short while, and you have exactly four seconds to press Esc key during that time in order to fine tune the way how Slax is going to boot. Pressing Esc will invoke a simple boot menu like the following:. You may use this menu to copy Slax data to RAM during startup or to run Slax in "fresh start" mode, in case if your persistent changes are broken. Use arrow keys to navigate and Enter key to select any option.

If you start Slax from a writable media, such as USB drive, then all the changes you make to the operating system itself are saved and restored next time you boot. If your device uses FAT filesystem, which is most common on USB flash drives, then all file modifications to Slax itself are saved into a special file changes. If you, for any reason, do not like persistent changes, simply select a different option in the boot menu and your Slax will start using the default 'fresh' configuration and won't save any modifications.

It may be useful also in cases you'd like to test something system-wide, since you can always revert to the default state by simple reboot in case things screw up.

The file changes. Slax will be able to save changes natively and will be limited only by the actual capacity of your device. Persistent Changes functionality does not of course affect files on hard drives in your computer.

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If you modify these files, they will always be modified regardless of your persistent changes settings. When Slax is running, it reads system data from the device it booted from.

customize slax

If you're using Persistent Changes then Slax even writes data to your boot device. Unplugging or ejecting it would make the operating system crash.

customize slax

Due to that, you can unplug the boot device only after your computer is switched off or reboots to other operating system. Similarly, if you access your computer's hard drives while running Slax, those will stay mounted and will be marked as 'in use'. Be sure to always shutdown Slax properly, either from the shutdown menu or using poweroff or reboot commands, and always wait until the system ends.

There may be situations though when you need to unplug the boot device as soon as possible while keeping Slax running. This is indeed possible; it requires your computer to load copy all Slax data to RAM memory during startup, so it is accessible even after your boot device is no longer plugged in.I had an old PC that no one use and it was look like it's only electronic waste.

I thought it can be usable as an network device but big PC case it's not good for that. So I just take out all electronic from it, take out electronic from power adaptor box and connect them in the shouse box I can't find anything better. You can see the pictures of it in gallery. Next step which i had to do was to find some small linux distribution which can boot from an USB flash memory and has good support for networking.

I didn't found anything good to my requirements so I start to customize slax linux distribution and slaxrouter being. News I lived only core slax module and removed some unusable packages from it and I add madwifi drivers.

I created some more slax modules that are usable for network device. I also created webmin slax module from the latest sources with only necessary webmin modules.

Webmin is a web based administration tool that is helpfull for router configuration using web GUI. There is no webmin modules to configure wireless access point and bridge at the moment but I think it will be nice to write it and share it by creating new sourceforge project. I started to make Slax Router web page and create link to first Slax Router release. Slax Router 0. I changed a little login screen - link to slax router project added, default user and password to webmin added and how to run webmin service removed.

Webmin service and ssh are under xinetd control now, xinetd is run when system starts by default. Webmin and ssh services are starting now automaticly when user try to connet to them. Few slax modules created from unofficial slackware packages in 0. So I created new sourceforge project called "bridge tool" - new webmin module for linux bridges managing. More information about this project you can find on bridge tool home page.

Few new tools are added like: arpwatch, irpas, nbtscan, tcptraceroute. Some external modules are included in core module now: dhcp, hping2, iproute2, libcap and nmap. Two new packages are inclued to slax core module: grub and perl-net-ssleay. There are also some chenges in webmin - some new webmin modules are added - bridge tool is also available.

Default webmin access is changed to SSL for better security. There is also posibility to install slaxrouter on hard disk by using slaxrouter-install script. Two QoS tools are added: cbq-init and htb-init. Newest webmin 1. Some new webmin modules are added like: tcpwrappers, grub, lilo and fdisk.

Webmin bootloader modules are working after Slax Router hard disk installation only.Here is a list of 4 Best free USB operating systems that we have come across. Not all of these are based on Linux, and one of these is non-Linux based, still free. A USB operating system or portable operating system is an operating system that can be installed on a USB drive, and fully functions from there.

Such portable operating systems come handy if you like to travel a lot, but do not want to carry your laptop around. In that case, you can just plug-in your USB drive, and use your own operating system on any computer.

All these USB operating systems are persistent, so they store the files that you create on the USB drive, and all those files are available when you turn on your USB operating system next time.

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If you are carrying file on a USB drive, then you will have to use some other computer to open those files, and there is a possibility that a copy of your file is left on that computer. This is a big security risk. Instead of that, if you use a USB operating system, then you can just plug-in your USB operating system, directly open the files from that, and not leave any trace on host computer. Advantage of such a USB operating system is in the places where one computer is shared among multiple people.

MojoPac is a USB-based desktop operating environment. To be frank, this is really the only USB desktop environment in this list that meets all the objectives that I mentioned in the beginning of the article.

However, do note that MojoPac is not really an operating system, but does lets you use your USB drive to carry around your applications, and use them. So, if you already carry your iPod with you, just install MojoPac on that, and have a USB operating system always handy. This includes applications like Microsoft office, chat applications, browsers, even games.

The way MojoPac works is when you plug-in your USB flash drive to any Windows computer, MojoPac uses the Windows files on that computer and then makes your applications run using that. This means even though you have your Window applications installed on your USB flash drive, you never really need to install Windows on it, and Windows of the host computer is used.

However, even though MojoPac uses the windows of the host computer, it actually never leaves any trace of activity on the host computer. So, whenever you create any new files or do any web browsing or engage in any chat conversation using MojoPac, no trace of your activity or files is left on host computer.

MojoPac is completely free, and very easy to download. Of course, you need more space depending on the applications that you decide to install on your Mojo USB flash drive. Read more about MojoPacor download here.

customize slax

Slax is one of the only operating systems that have been specially created just for use on USB flash drives. This is a very neat USB operating system that comes with a lot of modules and a lot of apps that you can use and it makes it very easy to install on USB Flash drive.

One of the great things about Slax is that you can customize your operating system.Creating numerous configuration modules eventually will use a lot of system resources, slow down the boot process, and consume an inordinate amount of drive space. A more efficient way to manage the customized configuration modules in SLAX is to use the second option of this article: combine them into a single module providing all of the desired changes from the basic set-up.

There are scripts on the internet that do this automatically, but the essence of the procedure will be covered here.

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At the heart of the processs are two operations: extracting module components into an existing folder via the "lzm2dir" command and building a module from a folder via the "dir2lzm" command. What is special about module extraction is that multiple modules can be extracted to the same folder, and files are written on a one for one basis. If the user has the latest version of Firefox, with all of his favorite plug-ins, only the last extracted versions of particular files will remain.

After some basic file pruning, a new module is then created with all prior changes incorporated. Below is a procedure for combining numerous customized SLAX configuration modules into one:.

Making small changes to the module is simple, and can be done on the desktop. Simply copy the module onto the desktop, extract the contents into a folder, then make the desired file and folder changes. Reboot and test.

Now consider the third option for customizing SLAX: remaking the core modules. This technique consumes the least drive space and the least resources overall, though it must be re-accomplished after any upgrades to SLAX are published.

In other words, if you have SLAX version 6. Otherwise, the procedure is similar to creating a unified SLAX configuration module:. In conclusion, there are a number of ways to accomplish SLAX customization as well as the implementation of persistent changes for specific things the user intends to retain after system reboots. When incorporated into modules, a SLAX customization may edited to suit the user, stored for safekeeping, and shared with others who want the same operating charachteristics.

These ideas are not strictly limited to customizing SLAX, and may be applied to other similar Linux distributions. For example, Backtrack uses a similar modular format, and though it has a long upgrade cycle, it is easily customized and numerous special versions exist. Puppy Linux also comes to mind representing a modular Debian based distribution. Go ahead and imagine what your favorite distro could be, and then customize it until it is perfect for your needs! Disclosure: AB9IL. If you make a qualifying purchase after clicking a link on this website, the associate affiliated with this site may earn a comission at no cost to you.

Advert above.Updated - December 12, by Arnab Satapathi. A Linux live distro is very useful either you are a Linux user or a Windows user.

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They comes very handy if you screwed up your Linux system beyond normal recovery or your Windows system is infected with a nasty malware. In this article, we'll discuss about what is actually a Live CD Linux distro, some example and their usage case. Let's dive into the topic. Linux live operating systems are the linux distributions which can be booted directly from a CD or USB drive without installation, without making any changes to the existing system. That's why it's called live.

As you don't even need to install a live OS to use it, so you can check the new operating system before installing it to the hard drive.

But the real potential of a live CD is more than the above. They're immensely useful to remove malware from a infected system, or to recover data from a crashed system. There are many Linux live CD distribution, so which one is more feature packed or which one fulfill your need? Lets find out with these 7 special purpose Linux live distro. Now it's based on Debian stable.

Despite its small size, Slax provides a wide collection of pre-installed software for daily use, including a well organized GUI. It also can be installed on hard drive for daily use.

Slax modules can be added or removed on-the-fly, so software installation during live session is easy and efficient. Here's how to boot Slitaz from a PXE server. Get slax from here.

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Knoppix is one of the very first linux live CDs, based on Debian, available in English and German, fast and fully featured. Knoppix is primarily aimed at being run from live media but it can be installed into hard drive. During live session software installation is also possible with apt-get. Knoppix comes with LXDE desktop on top of compiz window manager by default, but knoppix desktop is not well polished. Standard Debian applications are available by default plus some more Knoppix oriented applications.

Get Knoppix from here.